Family Sponsorship remains an important part of immigration to Canada. Every year, Canadians sponsor their parents and grandparents, spouses and children.
On 31 October 2018, the Government of Canada released the 2019-2021 Immigration Levels Plan. According to the plan, Canada allocated 20,500 spots for the Parents and Grandparents Sponsorship in 2019, and 21,000 in 2020 and 2021. The quota for the spousal and child sponsorship for 2019 is 68,000 candidates, and 70,000 and 2020 and 2021. In addition, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) also allocated 4,250 spots for Immigration based on Humanitarian and Compassionate grounds in 2019.
Family Immigration Programs
As of December 2019, there are four immigration programs for the Family Category of immigration:
- Spousal Sponsorship (including Common Law Partners)
- Parents and Grandparents Sponsorship
- Parents and Grandparents Super Visa
- Dependent Child Sponsorship
Canadian immigration regulation allows a Canadian citizen or permanent resident to sponsor a spouse or a common-law partner for permanent residence. Both parties must prove that their relationship can be defined as marriage, common-law partnership, or conjugal partnership.
Parents and Grandparents Sponsorship
Canadian Citizen or permanent resident can bring his/her parents and grandparents to Canada. To sponsor your parents or grandparents, you must meet certain income requirements be able to financially support your sponsored family members. They will not receive any financial assistance from the government and will not get any retirement pension plan for the period of 20 years, since the time when they obtained a permanent residency. Beginning in 2019, the government cancelled the lottery system of choosing candidates and is going to introduce the ‘first come, first serve’ online application system for those who met all eligibility criteria.
Parents and Grandparents Super Visa
Canadian citizens and permanent residents can help their parents and grandparents to apply for a multiple entry visa, also known as ‘Super Visa’, which can be valid for 10 years. Super Visa allows your parents and grandparents to come to Canada as visitors for a period of up to two consecutive years at their first visit. Super Visa allows forgetting about the renewal of their status every year or two. One of the main advantages of Super Visa is its very short processing timed. The whole process may take up to 84 days from the date of application submission.
Dependent Child Sponsorship
Dependent children of Canadian permanent residents, both natural and adopted, may be sponsored to live with their parents as permanent residents in Canada. If you are sponsoring your spouse or common-law partner, you must include their dependent children in the application. Be advised that you cannot sponsor Canadian citizens. Also, if your kids were born after you have become a Canadian citizen, he/she might already be a Canadian citizen.
Humanitarian and Compassionate Grounds
In exceptional circumstances, Canada allows individuals to apply for permanent resident status in Canada based on Humanitarian and Compassionate Grounds if they don’t meet the requirements of other immigration programs. This program is very helpful for permanent residents who don’t satisfy the requirements for parents’ sponsorship, and whose parents live abroad not having other family members, financial and other links to the country of citizenship/residence. This program is also available for those who receive a refusal for the refugee claim.